What Is Acne?

What Is Acne?

ALL ABOUT ACNE — AND HOW TO STOP IT

What is acne? Most people know acne as the annoying blemishes almost everyone has experienced at one time or another. What you may not know is that the pimple that appears on your face is actually the final step of a multiple-step process that Rodan + Fields founders Dr. Katie Rodan and Dr. Kathy Fields call the acne cycle. To break the cycle, it’s good to know what’s lurking beneath — and on top of — the surface.

It starts with your individual genetics and hormones, which control how much oil your skin produces. When oil production is excessive it mixes with dead skin cells to form a plug that clumps together in a pore. Trapped underneath this plug of debris, a type of bacteria found on skin called Propionibacterium acnes — P. acnes for short — begins to get busy. P. acnes thrives in environments that lack oxygen, like a clogged pore.

Happy inside its oxygen-free environment, the bacteria feeds on the oil and multiplies. Eventually, our skin reacts to the overgrowth of bacteria and its byproducts with inflammation or swelling, and voila: A pimple.

Many people think it’s the bacteria that is the main culprit, but without oil, oxygen would be able to get into the pore to kill the bacteria. And our hormones trigger the oil production. So all the steps are connected.

Since blemishes start forming days or even weeks before reaching the surface of the skin, the secret to controlling them is to keep them from forming in the first place. That means interrupting the acne cycle so the blemishes never get to the surface.

ACNE IS COMPLICATED, BUT TREATMENT ISN’T

Early in their dermatology careers, Dr. Katie Rodan and Dr. Kathy Fields realized that though the acne cycle is complicated, the treatment didn’t have to be. Now, the Doctors have created two Rodan + Fields Regimens to break the acne cycle by unclogging pores, removing acne-causing bacteria and oil and preventing future breakouts. Both SPOTLESS, for teen and young adult acne, and UNBLEMISH, for adult acne and visible signs of aging, combine over-the-counter and cosmetic ingredients meant to be used twice a day over the entire face.

Both Regimens clear existing acne and prevent new blemishes from forming. The big news is the Doctors are bringing their effective acne solutions to even more people, perhaps you or someone you love.

Learn more about Rodan + Fields and how you can get your most radiant skin yet. Trust your skin’s glow to the Doctors and your consultant who know how to help you get your skin glowing.

Results may vary depending on multiple factors: age, gender, skin type and condition, concomitant products used, health history, location, lifestyle and diet.

Share this with friends or family members. It could save their skin — and and boost their confidence.

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*information taken from Derm RF.

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The Skin Benefits of Vitamin A

The Skin Benefits of Vitamin A

THE SKIN BENEFITS OF VITAMIN A

You know the drill when it comes to caring for your skin: cleanse, tone, moisturize, apply sunscreen... With so many possibilities (and products) to help your skin looks its best there are a few nutrients that skin really needs—and vitamin A is one of them. Whether you get it from your diet or in a topical cream, the protective and nourishing properties of Vitamin A, and the nutrients your body uses to make it, lend a hand in keeping skin healthy, firm and radiant.

Here’s what happens when you feed your body vitamin A:

  • IT PROTECTS AGAINST UV DAMAGE AND SLOWS SIGNS OF AGING. Most of your vitamin A intake comes from eating foods rich in beta-carotene and provitamin A carotenoids, which are potent antioxidants.

IT ENCOURAGES HEALTHY SKIN CELL PRODUCTION. Retinal, retinol and retinoic acid are important to cell production and growth. Vitamin A also stimulates fibroblasts—the cells responsible for developing tissue that keeps skin firm and healthy—in the deep layers of your skin. Because vitamin A and carotenoids play such a big role in cell and tissue growth, not getting enough can lead to weakened skin, causing problems ranging from dryness to wounds that heal more slowly.

  • IT PROTECTS AGAINST INFECTION. Your skin is an important part of your immune system; think of it as your body’s bouncer—a first line of defense against bacteria, pollutants and infection. By promoting cell production, vitamin A helps strengthen this barrier, protecting your complexion from harmful irritants that attempt to attack the surface.

Here’s what happens when you apply vitamin A topically:

  • IT SMOOTHES WRINKLES. Topical vitamin A in the form of retinol (found in over-the-counter products) and retinoic acid (found in prescription creams) are proven wrinkle-fighters and many dermatologists’ go-to recommendation for combating signs of aging. Research has shown that these ingredients are able to stimulate collagen production: When collagen becomes damaged due to UV exposure and other aggressors, wrinkles begin to develop, much like cracks in a weak foundation. Retinoids “turn on” cells responsible for making new collagen, strengthening your skin and filling in fine lines below the surface so skin looks smoother. One study found that after using a prescription-strength vitamin A cream for 10 to 12 months participants noticed significantly fewer wrinkles, and medical experts noted an 80 percent increase in collagen.
  • IT EVENS SKIN TONE AND GIVES YOU A GLOW. Vitamin A creams can help lighten sun-induced brown spots and boost skin radiance in two ways: First, by increasing and normalizing skin cell turnover, which helps you shed pigmented, damaged and rough surface cells, making room for healthier cells and allowing light to bounce off more evenly. Secondly, retinoids may block an enzyme needed for melanin (pigment) production, further helping to deliver an even-toned, glowing complexion.

IT CLEARS UP ACNE. Pimples form when pores become clogged with dead skin cells, bacteria and oil, providing the perfect breeding ground for Propionibacterium acnes, a common bacteria responsible for blemishes. When vitamin A creams stimulate cell turnover the same process happens within the pores themselves, helping to slow oil production and keep pores clear.

What we recommend – click on the photo for more info…

Retinal

Be sure to use sunscreen during the day, too; topical retinoids can increase your skin’s sensitivity to UV damage. Avoid retinol and retinoids if you’re pregnant; you can speak to your dermatologist about other options that are safer while you’re expecting.

 

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6 MUST-KNOW FACTS ABOUT SUMMER SUN PROTECTION

6 MUST-KNOW FACTS ABOUT SUMMER SUN PROTECTION

How much do you know about sun safety? These facts will help ensure your skin is well-protected:

1. The sun emits two types of rays that reach your skin, UVA and UVB. What’s the difference between the two?
Ultraviolet A (UVA) rays emit the same amount of radiation from sunrise to sunset, 365 days a year. Ultraviolet B (UVB) rays are stronger in the summer, especially between 10 a.m. and 4 p.m.

2. Are UVA and UVB rays equally harmful to skin?
Yes, but they affect it in different ways. UVB rays are responsible for sunburn and skin redness. (Think “B” for “burning.”) They cause inflammation, surface dryness and excess dry skin buildup.

UVA rays are weaker than UVB rays but pass further into your skin. They stimulate excess pigment, resulting in dark marks, age spots and dullness. UVAs also break down collagen and elastin, causing lines, wrinkles and sagging. UVA rays can penetrate glass, which means they harm your skin even while indoors.

3. What does SPF stand for, and how does it work?
SPF is short for “Sun Protection Factor.” The higher the SPF, the more protection. But exactly how long a sunscreen protects you depends on your skin color and its tolerance to UVB rays.

To get a sense of how long you can stay in the sun, multiply your sunscreen’s SPF number by the amount of time it takes your skin to burn in the sun.

If your skin turns red in 10 minutes without sun protection, your math would look like this:

• SPF 15 x 10 minutes = 150 minutes (2 ½ hours) without getting burned
• SPF 30 x 10 minutes = 300 minutes (5 hours) without getting burned

…but there’s a little more to it than this. First, no sunscreen can block out 100% of the sun’s rays. Since you can’t rely on sunscreen for complete protection, be sure to cover up your body and wear a big hat and sunglasses.

4. What’s the difference between physical sunscreen and chemical sunscreen?
The two types of sunscreens protect skin in different ways and have different properties. Physical sunscreens, such as zinc oxide, reflect and scatter light and are gentle on skin — which is why Rodan + Fields UNBLEMISH and SOOTHE sunscreens are physical sunscreens. Chemical screens, such as avobenzone, absorb light and blend well with more ingredients. Rodan + Fields REVERSE, REDEFINE and ESSENTIALS sunscreens are chemical sunscreens.

Whether physical or chemical, all Rodan + Fields broad-spectrum sunscreens are formulated to protect against damage from both UVA and UVB rays.

5. How much sunscreen do I need?
More than you probably think! Apply one tablespoon of sunscreen to your face and one ounce — the amount that would fill a shot glass — to your body for adequate sun protection.

6. How frequently should I reapply sunscreen?
One application of sunscreen won’t protect your skin for the entire day. You should reapply sunscreen every two hours — more frequently if you’ve been in the water. This is true even if you’re using a sunscreen with a high SPF.

Now that you’re armed with sun-care knowledge, forward this post to a friend.

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Does Glass Block UVA/UVB Rays?

Does Glass Block UVA/UVB Rays?

While window glass effectively blocks UVB rays, UVA rays, which cause premature signs of aging, still get through.

This means that whether you’re sitting at a desk by a window, are in a window seat on a plane, or are in a car, your skin is likely being exposed to damaging rays.

Studies have found that in the United States, skin damage is worse on the left side of the face and body since that’s where we sit when driving. Windshield glass is usually treated to block UVA and UVB rays, but side windows are not.

To best protect yourself, slather on the SPF each morning, whether you’re going out or staying in, and reapply every two hours.

 If you need to restock your supply (or get an extra for the car), we have sunscreen for your BODY, and one for every Regimen: REDEFINE, REVERSE, UNBLEMISH and SOOTHE.

Share this with friends or family members. It could save their skin — and their lives.

PM me for the best options to suit your budget 🙂

*information taken from Derm RF.

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Fact or Fiction? Some People Are Born With Freckles

FICTION. No one is born with freckles—Fact_vs_Fiction_800x800px_Facebookthey’re all the result of sun damage. Freckles come from ultraviolet radiation reacting with melanocytes and causing them to become enlarged and overactive. Over time, this increased melanocyte activity causes the formation of brown spots in adults and “liver spots,” also known as “age spots,” in the elderly.

The rays responsible for freckles are UVA rays, which are commonly referred to as the aging rays (think A for “aging”). They’re the long rays that penetrate deeply into the dermis and cause damage over time. They have the ability to destroy collagen and elastin, causing wrinkles and sagging. While some may have a genetic tendency to form freckles, sun exposure is the key factor that causes them to manifest. That’s why freckles are typically darker in the summer yet may fade almost completely in the winter.
The same process that causes freckles in youth causes age spots in advancing age. The dark spots—most present on sun-exposed areas like the face, arms and back of hands—are simply larger, more prominent versions of freckles. Once discoloration is present, it’s often permanent unless treated, and it will only get darker and more pronounced with continued sun exposure.

To target these signs of premature aging—including freckles, dark spots, discoloration and more—try the REVERSE Regimen. The Regimen exfoliates, lightens, brightens and protects your skin. “Brown spots” typically indicate excessive sun exposure, meaning it’s time you limit your time in the sun and slather on a broad-spectrum sunscreen to protect your skin. Try REVERSE Broad Spectrum SPF 50+, which not only defends against UV rays but also contains SHIELDrf sunscreen technology to fight the signs of photo-aging and licorice and mulberry to help brighten dull skin.

Contact me to find out more information 🙂

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